A PERSONAL LOOK AT THREE SWEDISH POETS: CARL MICHAEL BELLMAN, ESAIAS TEGNÉR, ERIK JOHAN STAGNELIUS, 368-387, doi.org/10.26881/srg.2017.4.23

Piotr Klafkowski

Abstrakt


The paper is the author’s personal homage to his three favourite Swedish poets. It attempts at showing the Polish readers that Sweden, too, had its share of great poets, as Swedish poetry is almost wholly unknown in Poland. Carl Michael Bellman is compared with his contemporary Robert Burns, Esaias Tegner is presented in the context of epic poems of Denmark and Norway, whereas Erik Johan Stagnelius – in comparison with John Keats and William Blake.

Key words

Swedish poetry, Sweden in the late 18th century, Carl Michael Bellman, Esaias Tegner, Erik Johan Stagnelius.

Abstrakt

Artykuł stanowi osobisty hołd autora złożony jego trzem ulubionym szwedzkim poetom. Jest to również próba pokazania polskiemu odbiorcy, że Szwecja także miała 1 Special invited contribution. szereg wielkich poetów, chociaż są oni w Polsce prawie nieznani. Po krótkim
wprowadzeniu historycznym omówieni zostają wymienieni w tytule twórcy. Carl Michael Bellman przedstawiony jest w porównaniu z jego szkockim równolatkiem Robertem Burnsem, Esaias Tegner – na tle duńskiej i norweskiej poezji epickiej, Erik Johan Stagnelius porównany jest z dwoma poetami angielskimi: Johnem Keatsem (niemal równolatkiem Stagneliusa) oraz Williamem Blakiem. Tekst zawiera kilka ilustracji, cytatów z wierszy Bellmana i Stagneliusa (cytaty z Tegnera byłyby zbyt długie, jako że mamy do czynienia z poezją epicką), obszerną bibliografię dzieł w językach szwedzkim, angielskim i polskim oraz znaną autorowi dyskografię pieśni Bellmana oraz muzyki powstałej do dzieła Tegnera.

Słowa kluczowe

Szwecja pod koniec XVIII wieku, Liga Gotycka, fosforyzm, Carl Michael Bellman, Esaias Tegner, Erik Johan Stagnelius.

Bibliografia


Histories of Scandinavia.

Derry T.K. A History of Modern Norway 1814–1972. Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1973.

Derry T.K. A History of Scandinavia: Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Finland, Iceland. University of Minnesota Press, 2000.

Höjer T.T. Carl XIV Johan. 3 vols. Stockholm: P.A. Norsted & Sönners Forlag, 1939 (vol. 1), 1943 (vol. 2), 1960 (vol. 3).

Kent N. A Concise History of Sweden. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2011.

Carl Michael Bellman.

1. Printed books

Bellman, Carl Michael – see Neuger 1991.

Britten A.P. The Life and Songs of Carl Michael Bellman: Genius of the Swedish Rococo. Malmö and New York: American-Scandinavian Foundation, 1967.

Britten A.P. Carl Michael Bellman: Sweden’s Shakespeare of the Guitar Song. Stockholm: Proprius, 1998.

Húlden L. Carl Michael Bellman. Stockholm: Natur och kultur, 1991 (in Swedish).

Neuger L. Fredmanowe Posłania i Pieśni. Delected and translated by Leonard Neuger. Warszawa: Polskie Wydawnictwo Muzyczne, 1991 (in Polish).

2. Internet sources, all accessed 1.07.2017.

Carl Michael Bellman, biografi. Wikipedia, in Swedish.

Carl Michael Bellman, biography. Wikipedia, in English.

Fredmans Epistlar (in Swedish).

Fredmans Epistlar (in English).

Fredmans Sånger (in Swedish).

Fredmans Sånger (in English).

PoemHunter.com – Poems by Carl Michael Bellman.

3. Discography.

Fredman’s Epistles and Songs. Performed by Martin Bagge and Helena Ek. CD record. B.E.L.L. Musique 2002.

Songs of Carl Michael Bellman. Performed by Martin Best. CD record. Nimbus Records 1997.

Esaias Tegnér.

1. Printed books.

Böök F. Esaias Tegnér. Stockholm: Bonniers, 1946

Gale R.L. A Henry Wadsworth Longfellow Companion. Westport (Connecticut) and London: Greenwood Press, 2003.

2. Frithjof’s Saga.

Tegnér E. – Frithiof’s Saga. Translated into English verse by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, Luciuus Sherman, Thomas and Martha Holcomb, and William Blackley, with the introductory notes to the cantos by Longfellow and the general introduction by Bayard Taylor. Stockholm: The Limited Editions Club, P.A. Norstedt & Söner, 1953.

Tegnér J. Frithiofowa Saga. Przełożył, wstępem i objaśnieniami opatrzył Stanisław Wałęga. Biblioteka Narodowa Seria II, Nr 108. Wrocław–Kraków: Zakład Narodowy im. Ossolińskich – Wydawnictwo, 1957 (in Polish).

3. Internet sources, all accessed 1.07.2017.

Esaias Tegnér, biografi (In Swedish).

Esaias Tegnér, biography (in English).

Friđƥjófs saga hins frœkna (in Swedish and English, both under the same title).

Frithiofs Saga (in Swedish).

PoemHunter.com – Poems by Esaias Tegnér.

4. Epic Poetry in Norway.

Klafkowski P. Hans Henrik Holm, the Last Homer of Europe. [In:] “Czas Kultury”. Nr 5–6, Poznań 1995, pp. 11–23. (in Polish).

Klafkowski, P. Where the Folk and the Individual Meet. Nynorsk Poetry and its Connections with Folk Literature. [In:] “Literatura Ludowa: dwumiesięcznik naukowo-literacki”. Nr 6, listopad–grudzień 2016, Wrocław, pp. 33–43.

5. Discography.

Frithiofs Saga, ur Tegnérs Frithiofs Saga till folkliga melodier. Performed by Katarina Jerkersdotter, Hans Grȍnlund, Agneta Stolpe, Matts Arnberg, Anders Eklundh, Lars Hȍpkers, Sverre Jensen and Tommy Ridde. Cinober Records CINLP 3, an analogue LP, 1986.

Erik Johan Stagnelius.

1. Printed books.

Neuger L. Erik Johan Stagnelius. Elegie. Wybrał, przełożył i wstępem opatrzył Leonard Neuger. Kraków: Oficyna Literacka, 1991.

2. Internet sources, all accessed 1.07.2017.

Erik Johan Stagnelius, biografi. Wikipedia (In Swedish).

Erik Johan Stagnelius, biography. Wikipedia (in English).

PoemHunter.com – Poems by Erik Johan Stagnelius.

3. Comparisons to William Blake.

Blake W. The Complete Poems. Edited by Alicia Ostriker. London: Penguin Classics, 1977.

Blake W. The Complete Poetry and Prose of William Blake. Edited by David V. Erdman, Commentary by Harold Bloom. New York: Anchor Books, a Division of Random House, Inc., 1988.

Blake and Swedenborg. Opposition is True friendship. The Sources of William Blake’s Arts in the Writings of Emanuel Swedenborg. An Anthology. Compiled and Edited by Bellin H.F. and D. Ruhl, in conjunction with G.F. Dole, T. Kieffer and N. Crompton, with an Introduction by George F. Dole. New York: Swedenborg Foundation Inc., 1985.

Damon S.F. A Blake Dictionary. Hanover and London: University Press of New England, 1988.

Rose J.S., S. Shotwell, M.L. Bertucci (Eds.). Scribe of Heaven. Swedenborg’s Life, Work, and Impact. West Chester (Pennsylvania): Swedenborg Foundation, 2005.

Swedenborg E. The Universal Human and Soul-Body Interaction. New York–Mahwah: Paulist Press, 1984.

English dictionaries used.

[Maybe this section needs an introductory word. Reading and translating poetry frequently demands a rather special vocabulary that not many dictionaries include. I have a group of dictionaries that are my very special friends, for they never fail me in finding the word I need, teaching me a lot along the way. I wish to thank them all here.]

Chambers 20th Century Thesaurus, a comprehensive word-finding dictionary. Edited by M.A. Seaton, G.W. Davidson, C.M. Schwarz, J. Simpson. Edinburgh: Chambers, 1986.

Fernald J.C. Synonyms, Antonyms & Prepositions. New York: A Funk & Wagnalls Book Published by Thomas Y. Crowell, 1947.

Lewis N. The Comprehensive Word Guide. With an Introduction by Clarence Barnhart. New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc. Garden City, 1958.

March F.A. March’s Thesaurus and Dictionary. With an Introduction by C.L. Barnhart, issued under the Editorial Supervision of N. Cousins, with a New Supplement by R. A. Goodwin. New York: Doubleday & Company, Inc. Garden City, 1958

March F.A. March’s Thesaurus and Dictionary of the English Language. Under the Editorial Supervision of Norman Cousins, with a New Supplement by R. A. Goodwin and S. Flexner. New York: Abbeville Press Publishers, 1980.

[This, to me, is the best English thesaurus ever published, and I invite all the sceptics to consult it and see for themselves.]

The Random House Dictionary of the English Language. The Unabridged Edition. J. Stein (Editor in Chief), L. Urdang (Managing Editor). New York: Random House, 1967.

The Random House Dictionary of the English Language. College Edition. L. Urdang (Editor in Chief), S.B. Flexner (Managing Editor). New York: Random House, 1968.

Reader’s Digest Word Power Dictionary. Edited by A. Wevell and W. Powell. Cape Town: The Reader’s Digest Association South Africa (Pty) Limited, 1996, reprinted 2000.

Roget P.M. Roget’s Thesaurus, Facsimile of the First Edition of 1852 with an Introduction by Laurence Urdang. London: Bloomsbury, 1987.

Stillman F. The Poet’s Manual and Rhyming Dictionary. London: Thames and Hudson, 1966.




REDAKTOR NACZELNY / EDITOR-IN-CHIEF Prof. UG, dr hab. Katarzyna Wojan (Uniwersytet Gdański, Polska / University of Gdańsk, Poland)

ADRES REDAKCJI / EDITORIAL BOARD OFFICE Uniwersytet Gdańsk, Wydział Filologiczny, Neofilologia ul. Wita Stwosza 51, PL 80-308 Gdańsk E-mail: finkw@univ.gda.pl; marta.noinska@ug.edu.pl

WYDAWCA / PUBLISHER Uniwersytet Gdański, Wydział Filologiczny, Polska / Faculty of Languages, University of Gdańsk, Poland

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